Development of Urdu Language

Urdu is one of the most widely spoken languages ​​in the Indian subcontinent. Other than that, communities all over the world speak it. In total almost 4 million people, speak the Urdu language.

Several factors lead to the development of Urdu language. The four most important of all the factors are given below.

1. Development of Urdu by speaking

The Urdu language was developed among the soldiers of the British Army who belonged to different nations. The word 'Urdu' itself means'Army'.To communicate with each other fluently, these soldiers used to speak in an amalgam of Persian, Arabic and Turkish languages.

However, very soon the language reached to the Royal courts. Actually, the language was easier than the Persian language. So the Royals also liked it. In those times, speaking Urdu became one of the trendiest things. Soon the Hindu population too started to speak it, by including many Sanskrit words to the language.

2. Development of Urdu through poetry

The Royals of the Indian subcontinent were very interested in the poetry. Amir Khusro was the first man who attempted Urdu poetry in the 13th century. It was a huge success. However, for another century no one prominent dared to experiment in Urdu poetry. In the 18th and 19th century, poets gave a major boost to the Urdu poetry. The royals too appreciated it in every way. They used to hold Mushairas in their courts and used to pay monthly stipends to the poets. Other than that, they used to bestow valuables upon their favorite poets.

3. Development of Urdu through prose

Unlike the Urdu poetry, Urdu short story or novel did not become a trend. The major reason is that the Royals were never interested in the reading. However, after the decline of Mughals and in the era of the British, a very intelligent man attempted to write an Urdu novel. The name of the man was Deputy Nazir Ahmed and the name of the novel is Mirat ul Uroos. Despite the fact that it was the first novel of Urdu, the novel became a huge success. Even today the novel is popular and in demand. In fact, Deputy Nazir Ahmed can be called the first and the most prestigious institution of the Urdu novel.

4. Development of Urdu through journalism

The Urdu journalism was late to pick up as compared to the Urdu poetry. However, as compared to the Urdu novel it picked up quite soon. In fact, when the atrocities of the British rose gradually, many prominent Hindus and Muslims took notice. So they started monthly, bimonthly, and weekly digest with focus on the current affairs and political satires.

Those magazines also had a dose of the ethics and the morals to be introduced among the Muslims and the Hindus both. It is needless to say that even the starting of the Urdu journalism contributed a lot to the mental awakening of the people of the subcontinent.

In fact, if it were not for the Urdu poetry, prose and journalism, the people of subcontinent might not had realized their worth and fought to drive the British out of the subcontinent.

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The 17 Stages of Psychic Development

The following stages will help to show you how close you are to 'flicking on the light switch' and waking up from Gergef's 'sleeping man'. The stages do not necessarily happen in any particular order, they are not set in stone and you may experience several at a time. The following order does however reflect the order of the experience of many on the journey and there does seem to be a systematic approach to the development process. Some people will go through all of them, others one or two. Overall however, you will develop at a pace that is exactly right for you.

Many of the stages are associated with the fusing of the emotional, energy body and the spiritual body, which is a vital underlying part of the development process.
1. Life Crisis

This stage does not necessarily have to happen to everyone on the psychic path if they take notice of the pebbles at an early stage. However, the move towards wishing to develop on a psychic level is often preceded by a life drama. This can be anything from a confused childhood to a recent divorce.

2. Heightened Awareness

This is when you start to see things out of the corner of your eye. This can also start with seeing 'blobs' of colour or swirling energies. For others it will be the beginning of hearing messages in your mind, vivid dreams, premonitions, and thinking you are either going mad or the mind is playing tricks. Often people ignore the pebbles here, and dismiss what their heightened senses are trying to tell them.

3. Hyper Sensitivity

Becoming more sensitive to criticism and other people's views. At this stage you begin to know that you have the ability to feel other people's feelings. Confusion and a sense of, 'am I normal' prevails at this stage.

4. Searching

The search for material that explains the strange experiences begins. This is often done quietly through fear of ridicule. Also a strong desire to find 'like-minded' individuals begins. It is at this stage you start to really question your sanity! This is the point of no return. From this stage forward you will spend your life searching for answers to life's questions. There may be rests in between but you will always be curious. It becomes like an itch you can not scratch.

5. Starting to stand up for yourself

Beware! The meek will suddenly start standing up for themselves and will not take any nonsense. This may be short term as it is only the start. A strong foundation has not yet been constructed but the wheels will have been set in motion.

6. Feeling alone / misunderstood

At this stage the developing psychic has usually found material to partially explain their interest and people of a like-minded nature. Unfortunately at this stage, those often closest to the person will want to destroy their partner's / friend's new interest because they feel (but will not admit it) threatened by the new 'hobby'. The psychic will often be taken aside by a 'concerned' relative about how they are getting into an occult or being brainwashed, and how it is all mumbo jumbo. If you do not have this stage you are very lucky !!

This leads to a very confused psychic. Is it wrong to continue? What should I do? Am I mad? Usually the decision is to carry on quietly and not share the newfound knowledge with your immediate peers.

7. I can not do it

Feelings of insecurity surface very well at this stage. The developing psychic sees others moving at a faster speed. They can not work out how to speed their own progress but become increasingly disheartened because of the speed their psychic peers are moving at around them. For some the opposite may happen, this will be they feel they are moving too quickly, frightened by the experience and wanting to slow it down or shut it off because the responsibility feels overwhelming.

Imagine waking up into a strange and unknown world to you. If you are one of the lucky few who would be extremely curious and would enjoy waking up in the unfamiliar, the unfamiliar would appear a daunting place until you had got used to it. For many, they begin to wake up in this new world, they try to deny themselves the fact they are waking up somewhere different in the hope things can stay the same, the familiar and well-known, 'comfort zone'. This will continue until the developing psychic is no longer scared and wishes to embrace the 'new world' they are waking up to – this can take some while.

We have all at some point in our life feared change. The trick in overcoming the fear of change is to take a moment to fast forward life to how it will be if we remain the same. Life can not change unless we change, merely hoping it will change leads to disappointment. In your mind, fast forward your life to how it will be once change has happened. You will soon see change is an exciting option!

8. Wanting silence / to be alone

The senses are still sharpening, as they are doing so it is likely at this stage the developing psychic becomes very sensitive to loud noises, they may find they can not stand the radio playing or the sound of raised voices. Often they will want to be in open space or feel a strong need to be in the countryside. An increased wish to spend periods alone contemplating or 'staring out the kitchen window.' Your body is telling you it wishes to meditate. During this stage it is necessary to find a regular quiet spot during the day to avoid irritability.

9. Realisation that your job / circumstances are not right for you

This is the beginning of learning to see the bricks !! Often people will wait until they are made redundant or sacked (the boulder) before they can see they have outgrown their job / circumstances / relationship or that their place of work or home does not match with their newfound awareness. This is often a horrid stage because it is about realising that your life has often been a compromise (not always) up until this point. The difficult bit is the courage to let go and move on.
Moving through this stage often becomes a stumbling block for most people and delays their development. This stage is about breaking away from the decisions 'made for you' in life and 'what you have done to please another'. It is about breaking free of the career you chose because it pleased your parents, the relationship you stayed in for convenience or the job you do, for the money.

Probably the most important factor in choosing the psychic path and developing your skill to the best of your ability; It is about authenticity. You can not be a truly authentic psychic unless you are honest with yourself. Those who are not honest with themselves often fear the psychic path. Those who are honest with themselves embrace it!

10. Feeling abandoned

This part does not necessarily happen to everyone on the psychic path.

At this stage friends and family start to leave your life or they appear to be leaving. The developing psychic no longer feels connected to those they have been associating with for years. The structures of your life begin to disintegrate. Everything you thought to be real / are attached to, fall apart.

How depressing !! This is actually a fantastic stage, providing you make sure you stretch your view beyond the current situation. How do you repair a derelict building? Well you do not! First you have to knock it down so that you build a new, stronger one in its place.

This stage is about seeing through any illusions. Through this stage we find what is real. Oh how we tell ourselves lies! We tell ourselves everything is fine when it's not. We tell ourselves it's awful when clearly it's okay. When all is taken away from us we begin to understand the beauty of the Universe. We develop a great understanding of what is really important and learn how to deeply appreciate the small things in life. Trivia becomes trivia once this stage is complete. What seemed devastating does not carry the same emotion it did previously.

Uncontrollable crying for no apparent reason is part of this stage. This is because the cells of the body are starting to throw off old memory, making way for the strong ability to see into your own and other people's lives.

11. Increased ability

The psychic senses usually by this time are developing with a very good and firm foundation. The ability to 'read' people is often really quite strong by this stage.

12. De-tox

This stage for some people comes early on, for others it comes quite a bit later. If you are ignoring it a physical illness will often have to surface to show you (a boulder). The length of time you have been ignoring the necessity for this the heavier the physical illness.

At this stage it is time to clean up your body and if it has not happened already, your thoughts. As the ability to channel higher energies than your own, increases, it is vital the channel the energies are using, is a 'clean' one. If it is not, as does happen with a lot of psychic's not very nice physical illness begins to occur. If you refuse to de-tox, the effect is a bit like stuffing a potato up an exhaust pipe.

To de-tox means fasting for a few days. There are many different fasts you can do, from only drinking water for a day or so, to eating brown rice for breakfast, lunch and dinner for up to ten days. Do a colon cleanse, eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables. Eat less sugar and meat. Minimise your caffeine intake. Stay away from low energy food such as takeaways and microwave meals. If you smoke, drink too much alcohol or are dependent on any form of drugs (legal or illegal) then either stop or get help to stop.

Please note, taking illegal drugs is a low energy practice; therefore not only detrimental to yourself but any person you may be reading for. Due to the fact it is a low energy act, you will attract low energy spirit, and you will not be able to sustain your energy at a high enough vibration to channel successfully. It would be too much of a jump from being low energy to channelling high energy. Long-term, people who do this will short circuit and the lights will blow!

13. Wanting to help everyone

This stage may sound as though it is a great place to be. In actual fact it is not. You can not help anyone, only yourself, you can offer people a 'leg-up' not a 'hold up'. If you try and drag a person along to a place within where they really do not want to be but you think it is best for them, stop it – leave them alone !! Focus on the 'self', your 'self'. People are fine as they are, you only have the right to change yourself – leave them alone!

Those in your life however, may go along with it for a while to be polite. Just because you have started to find this new found knowledge you think the world should know, you will if you're not careful, get the 'nut case' status within your family or circle of friends. You have no right to ram things down the throat of others. If they are interested they will ask. If you do ram knowledge down people's necks (there will be the temptation) be prepared because at some stage you will get your theories shot down by the 'life is only what you can see' sceptic. If / when you get to this stage, arguing will only be a waste of your energy. Accept and observe their views as they are, they're entitled to them. You would not like your opinion shot down so it's unfair to shoot at or back at theirs.

Usually at this stage the developing psychic with regard to this subject will not be hugely confident within himself or herself. You will know when you are, because you will not have a need to tell others how to be, and they will begin to have a deep respect for your interest in psychic development. It's almost ironic in that respect.

This stage is a test of how true to yourself you are. Few people like to be 'preached' to on how they should live their life, so remember LEAVE THEM ALONE, no matter how much you can see they are heading along the wrong path. Offer advice ONLY if they ask! Avoid the, 'told you so' when they've made their mistake. Eventually they will ask you first for your psychic advice before they act (keep it impartial) when they have seen a few times, your predictions have been accurate. In the mean time, focus on continuing to develop yourself.

14. Know all

At this stage you 'know it all'. The developing psychic becomes bored with the methods they are learning. Feel their group is holding them back; they have nothing more to learn. The belief starts to set in that they have experienced enough to move on and go it alone, away from their peers.

Some people lose friends in this stage and become seen as unapproachable, even if on hindsight they are seen to be all knowing. As this stage becomes more developed, the psychic gets to the stage of 'the more you know the less you need to say', eventually gaining great respect for their abilities as the need to preach disappears – a great place to be.

15. Clearing

This is the stage the fun really starts !! The clearing stage is when all the things you have never dealt with, or all the things you find frightening, begin to rear their head. Your very worst fears become realities and all your insecurities pound at you. The more you have ignored them in life, the more pronounced the way the Universe will show them to you for clearing. The way forward with this stage is to embrace and welcome the clearing stage, for this is what will really change your life for the better forever!

This stage usually involves a lot of crying and extreme's of emotion. During this stage it is often best to stay with your present job and circumstances. The very roots of what you thought was stable will be shaken. It is often at this stage the developing psychic thinks they need to change the externals (Job, relationship etc) to make them happy. This is not the case, blaming these situations, as the source of your unhappiness will slow the process. Stick with 'processing' the feelings you are going through, only then change the externals if your feelings are still the same.

Depending on the developing psychic, this process can last some while and will happen in tandem with some of the other stages. During this process, the developing psychic will realise it is not a loner's process and return to their peers within their development group for help and advice.

16. Breakthrough

After the clearing process (which can take a while) the psychic becomes exceptionally perceptive. They can 'see' what is going on within / for someone at a hundred paces. This is because anything that was in the way of opening up to a true state of being, has been removed during the clearing process. There is then nothing stopping you !!

The clearing stage is also necessary for the humbling of the psychic. The ore of the great Universal force humbles the psychic as the waking up process is in full swing. A deep appreciation of all that life represents happens at this stage.

The ability to manifest what you want in your life comes faster and faster, you begin to look younger, the mind becomes very quiet and the body becomes healthier.

Most people think earning lots of money or winning the lottery will make them happy. Getting to this point you will feel wealthy in the true sense of the word.

17. Power

The power stage is the one to be respected the most. It is at this point, many hit the 'high stakes,' becoming very good at their work – powerfully psychic.

This is the stage when people very much seek your assistance. It is the point of real challenge. This is when a person's psychic abilities become so heightened they have to be very clear on which way it is channelled. This is why it is so important to also develop spiritually whilst on the psychic path.

It is at this point a psychic can channel energies that are powerful in helping people, but can also be used in a direction of power over others. It is the responsibility of the true psychic to do their best to never exert power over others. To be able to do this, you have to lose the attachment to what people do with their lives. It is not the psychic's position to judge others or direct a person's life; you are simply there to channel the highest source of information possible to allow a person to make an informed decision on the direction their life is taking.

The information received will only be to the same 'level' of the psychic. A highly developed guide will not channel through a medium of little knowledge. The same as a Solicitor will not discuss the technicalities of the law with a five year old.

Once through the main stages of the psychic path, life changes dramatically. Everything begins to slot pleasantly into place. Few things worry you, any fears are short-term and struggles with life become brief. The poverty mentality that most of us are afflicted with, begins to dissolve, we learn that there is enough of everything for everyone. Negative thoughts and feelings about others and us disappear, and helping others becomes natural.

Life becomes very fast, change is constant, rapid and welcome. There is a thirst and hunger for more knowledge and understanding of how life works. 'Reading' others becomes very simple with the ability to 'dip' in and out of the energy of those living and of those who have passed over happening at the flick of a mental switch with ease and little effort. Like tuning into a radio station you become the receiver and can switch on and off whenever you desire.

A desire to be comfortable in life increases, but the interest in material belongings diminishes. The increase in your own and other people's wealth (in all areas of life) becomes the source of celebration. Jealous thoughts and actions are a thing of the past. Pleasure is had in accepting people as perfect exactly the way they are. Thus meaning, people do not have to change in order to please you. They are acceptable, as you are accepting of yourself.

This does however, mean it becomes easy to choose whom you wish to have in your life and those you wish to let go of. At this stage safety exists. The psychic learns that by letting go, not having to hold on tight, allows true progress of the self and others. It is likely by this point anything the psychic has held on tight to will have been lost. This may be in the form of material objects, family members, friends or partners. This takes place in order for the psychic to learn to let all energies be free and not judged for their physical manifestations. Things become an 'interesting evolutionary process' rather than a problem or terrible occurrence.

Then comes sharing and enfoldment – a spiritual process that remains unexplainable and private to the individual. The relationship with the Universal force (or God if you choose) attains wholeness.

From this point it does not mean it is the end. The psychic simply builds upon what is already learnt, matching with the principles that life is the same but different. It is different in the fact that skydiving is as interesting as cleaning the toilet. You may have heard of the saying "before enlightenment chop wood carry water – after enlightenment chop wood carry water." Life on the outer world may not have changed; life on the inner world however, is far more pleasurable.

If as a developing psychic you feel you are not experiencing all the stages it does not mean you have failed. Every person's experience is different. For some, part of their life purpose is to complete the full stages of the psychic journey, for others it is as purposeful to experience a few. Life is about experiencing; no one experience is more important than another. No matter what your experience of the psychic journey is, it is one hundred percent right for you at this stage in your life. The very fact you have found it, means your journey will be astounding.

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4 Web Design Mistakes You Should Avoid Making

Nowadays, if you aren’t online you are practically extinct. Most of the businesses have realized this and are rushing to create websites. While the websites increase the online presence of the businesses, studies show that most of the business owners are making plenty of web design mistakes. To help you out, here are some of these mistakes and how to avoid making them:

Hiring any web design company

We understand you are in a hurry to be visible online, but this shouldn’t be an excuse to hire any web design company you come across. No two companies are the same thus you should take your time to research and find the most reputable. Before settling on any company, you should see the portfolio of the businesses that the company has worked with before. To ensure that you are partnering with the right people, contact the businesses and know their experience.

Creating a one-page site

The only point of having a website is for people to know you are online, right? You are wrong. When people are searching for you, they are interested to know more about your company. They want to know the people behind the company, the history of the company and other nitty gritty information. When the people find this information they have more confidence in your company thus they are more likely to work with you.

When most of the people are looking for information or products online they key in keywords. To attract new customers to your business, it’s important that you optimize your site for search engines. In addition to giving all the information about your business, you should also include a blog where you give information about the products and services in your area of specialization. You should also work on building links in order to increase the ranking of your website.

Having a cluttered look

It’s often said that first impressions matter. For users to stick to your site you should have a beautiful and simple website. This calls for you to avoid flash displays. Your website should be consistent. This calls for you to avoid changing the layout, sidebar positions, color scheme and other features on every page. You should leave plenty of whitespace around your design elements in order to give the website a simple look. Also, divide your content into different categories. This is to make it easy for users to navigate your site.

Designing the website only for desktops

Decades ago, people accessed websites using their desktops only. This is no longer the case. Nowadays, people are using phones, tablets, and other devices to access websites. This means that if your website is only visible on desktops, you will be losing a lot of business. During the development of the website, go for a responsive design that allows your site to be visible on a wide range of devices.

Conclusion

These are the mistakes you should avoid making when designing your website. For professional web design, work with a reputable web design company.

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It's Time To Rethink Leadership Development: Building Momentum For A Leadership Culture

Leadership excellence is fundamental to the health and performance of an organisation. Leadership development, however, in most cases is a costly affair. It therefore warrants careful consideration of what organisations hope to achieve when they invest in leadership development. If the point of departure is to help people excel as highly competent individuals, then the criteria for a development programme would be different from one where the goal is to grow people in order to achieve more with and through others – in other words true leadership and teamwork.

Changing perceptions and expectations of leadership

Times change and so do the perceptions and expectations of leadership. If we lived in ancient times when progress meant territorial dominance and hard, hand-fought victories on the battlefield, we would be looking for strong, brave and imposing men with some ability to out-think the enemy. If we lived in the industrial age we would be looking for superior scientific minds. As the world became more ordered, specialised and hierarchically structured in governments, institutions, business and many others types of organisations; technical or functional ability and political astuteness (skilful in tactics and power play) allowed many to rise to the top and thus be recognised as leaders. In this scenario, leadership is typically exercised through command and control complimented by concomitant tactics of intimidation and manipulation. Unfortunately, there are far too many examples with this type of leadership and organisations may be stuck in this old mindset.

Instruments of power

Where command and control still delivers results, the people have resigned themselves to the idea that they are fundamentally either stronger or weaker instruments of power – in some cases they paint themselves powerless for life, in others they believe they are untouchable and as a result often ruin their personal relationships. They fear or respect power for the sake of power. Where those at the top embrace the culture – and why would they not if they were successful in and beneficiaries of it – they will more likely than not, consciously or unconsciously, further entrench this culture through the choices they make on training and development . It does not bode well for the future in a world where optimum learning, flexibility and responsiveness are such important factors for success.

T he cost

The cost for organisations, and more specifically, when the leadership are poorly aligned with societal changes is immeasurably high. Today's knowledge worker commits themselves when they experience the freedom to be creative and enterprising. In a command and control environment they feel inhibited and frustrated; the result being untapped potential. Moreover, people in such an environment often withhold critical information which ultimately comes at a cost to the organisation.

Another cost factor is that employees who are not intrinsically motivated but prepared to submissively and passively 'sit out' their careers for the sake of a salary cheque, are nowadays difficult and expensive to get rid of. The longer we have command and control environments (as it is experienced by the common worker, since it is seldom acknowledged by the leadership), the more disengaged people will become. Progressive organisations, understand what is required of a modern-day leader, and are quickly pulling away from their counterparts who continue to practice the archaic command and control tactics.

T he key shift

Who do we regard as good leaders? Who is climbing the ladder to higher positions of authority and power? Who gets the benefit of the doubt when it comes to filling leadership positions? Is it not those with a strong knowledge base as reflected in their academic qualifications and other certificates? Is it not those with technical know-how and management experience? And is it not those who have demonstrated the ability to use their positional power to get quick results? We believe these are the three criteria most people have in mind when they consider candidates for leadership positions. Whoever fits the bill, can be forgiven if he or she feels superior to the rest. The combination of high intellect, know-how, tactical skill and a robust ego is a powerful one. It is almost inevitable that the leadership challenge ends up to be no more than a battle of wits and ego's in budget, planning and strategy sessions. Teamwork, the key to success, suffers as a result.

How would leadership development programmes be of any use for the above? If it means another qualification to go on the manager's CV, more ideas, theories, models and arguments for the meeting room, and perhaps some insights that could improve personal effectiveness, then it will fit the requirement well. But the question that needs to be asked above all is: what is the value for the organisation as a whole? What is the positive influence on those who work with the leader, their morale, energy, focus, productivity, willingness to take responsibility, innovativeness, and own leadership development? Furthermore, what are the ethical and governance values ​​being driven by the organisation and its leaders, and do management support these? And then, what are the positive changes that others see in terms of the manager's willingness to sacrifice for the cause, openness to feedback, team-orientation, his / her courage to name the real issues that prevent growth in the organisation, and work towards much needed transformation?

i. Culture eats strategy for lunch

The observation is widespread that in spite of various leadership development initiatives, the change that matters most, invariably does not take place. In others words, a change of leadership culture is required and is not being done. More sophisticated strategies, better designs, and the latest performance management tools or tactics to out-maneuver the opposition, can never achieve what a strong leadership culture can. What most people in 'unhealthy organisations' secretly or openly hope to see, is a change of heart in their leadership.

The reason for poor or inadequate performance in organisations very seldom is lack of knowledge, skills or experience. Rather, it is to be found in the leader's lack of attention to behavioural aspects, the general climate, and the alignment in the organisation. When leaders really concern themselves with the character of their organisation, they forget about their ego concerns and personal agendas. To use an analogy from the sports world, we know that when we are in agreement that the team showed character it also means they gave their hearts for the team and the greater cause. Poor character is when a team member puts his own interests before those of the team.

Leadership development for our times need to be in the areas of awareness, 'inner work' (self-mastery) and context-sensitive leadership responses.

ii. Awareness

It is to state the obvious that heightened levels of awareness is needed for real change in mindset, attitude and behaviour. As the emotional intelligence expert Daniel Goleman points out, self-awareness forms the cornerstone for awareness of others, self-regulation and regulation of inter-personal relationships. As obvious and simple as it seems, it is not a given. As a starting point it requires openness, vulnerability and humility to grow in self-awareness. With the 'chips' of knowledge, experience and positional power on one's shoulder, the tendency is very high to filter out signals that might be damaging to the ego.

The three main areas for awareness are personal disposition and discipline, adaption to and need for change, and relationships. The defining, breakthrough moment that leads to heightened awareness and sets 'inner work' in motion, often is the understanding that the use of outside help – typically from family members to friends, colleagues, books, coaches and mentors – is not a sign of weakness, but of becoming more authentic and mature.

i i i. Inner work (self-mastery)

Awareness is one thing, but challenging conversations with oneself is another. As all exemplary leaders will testify, the 'make or break' in their growth as leaders were the challenges they put to themselves in response to the challenges they experienced from the outside; be they tragedies, major disappointments, lack of results, personal attacks on them, honest but hurtful feedback or overwhelming responsibility. Sometimes 'inner work' demands nothing short of a deep and painful 'inner journey' – going back to unresolved issues and unhealed pain of the past. But most of the time it is nothing as dramatic as that, but being intentional and committed to grow as a person and a leader in all the many wonderful facets of being human.

i v. Context-sensitive leadership responses (use of inner wisdom)

Key to leadership and leadership development is the ability to respond appropriately and more wisely to all kinds of situations. That is why awareness and inner work is so important. To think that reading textbooks will help the leader to do the right thing or minimise damage is shortsighted. Leadership in its proper sense is authentic, spontaneous and from within. Whatever knowledge the leader comes across, it needs to be internalised to make any real and meaningful difference. A leader that has grown out of the command and control style learns the critical importance of adjustment. For instance, to be forceful, courageous and bold is important in leadership. But the context determines when it is appropriate and most effective. Bright ideas at the wrong time or with an insensitive presentation in a particular context can be totally counter-productive. The key to becoming wiser is to consciously and intentionally keep all channels of feedback and learning op en. When we are open and receptive to our environment and to others, our eyes 'open' to the wisdom that we have within but never allowed to guide us. It is at the point where we allow ourselves to be vulnerable, not all- knowing and self-important, that we rise to new levels of understanding and insight.

From a leadership development perspective, it is much more effective to explore leadership responses in conversation with others who share the same context (facing their 'real world') than listening to leadership theory in a lecture room. It is a common complaint that the good and lofty ideas in the lecture room come to nothing the moment a person is back at the office facing 'the real world'. It is different when leaders in a development programme support each other by sharing their leadership thoughts and questions as they face the challenges before them.

For healthy workplace and social structures to thrive, leadership development should facilitate growth in the areas of awareness, 'inner work' and context-sensitive leadership responses. As illustrated below, in many cases a shift in thinking about leadership development from an outdated paradigm needs to take place.

O ld Criteria And Development Focus

Knowledge

Experience

Strategic and tactical skills

Strategy before culture

Change of processes and tools

Advocacy

Good for transactional environment

Development Focus For Organisational Health

Awareness

Inner work (reflection and self-challenge)

Context-sensitive leadership responses (use of inner wisdom)

Culture before strategy

Change of heart and attitude

Questioning and shared learning

Needed for transformational environment

Less is more

The best way to grow a leadership culture is to further develop those who already have a positive influence in the organisation. The questions to ask in order to identify them are the following:

– Is the person clearly passionate about the cause and values ​​of the organisation?

– Is it evident that he does not need and does not have to rely on the power of his position to be able to have

significant influence?

– Does he genuinely want to become a better leader?

– Would he be keen to play a part in building a strong leadership culture in the organisation?

– Is he loyal to the organisation, and will he be part of the organisation for at least for the next two to three years?

Such a group of leaders will have an enormous impact if they purposefully support each other and grow their leadership according to the above-stated development principles for organisational health. A wholesale approach where everyone at a certain level is included in a development programme can at times disappoint in terms of its impact for the organisation. Half-motivated people who participate under some form of internal or external pressure dilute the value. As a strategy to grow a leadership culture, a focused approach with a core of motivated people delivers far better and more sustainable results for the organisation ..

T he example of Nelson Mandela

Late last year, the world appeared to stand still and reflect on the remarkable life and example of Nelson Mandela. One of the most striking and powerful illustrations of his leadership influence is that so many people recalled that nobody could turn down his requests – a manager's dream! It is the best possible illustration of the truth of John Maxwell's axiom: a leader first gives his heart then asks for a hand. The belief that, particularly business leaders, need to hide their hearts from others (and themselves) in order to take hard, calculated decisions and remain resolute in negotiation, is wrong and in truth undermining of their leadership. Passion for and dedication to the cause, is a matter of the heart. And so respect for others, the will to serve – humility – the willingness to ask forgiveness, care, trust, compassion, moral conviction, resilience and perseverance are indeed matters of the heart.

Surely, if we recognise leadership excellence in the person of Nelson Mandela, we should endeavour to look for and grow the qualities he lived and demonstrated. For organisations it is not a call to become more 'touchy or feely', but to responsibly address the context within which business decisions are taken and to ensure that these decisions accurately reflect the organisation's heart, mind and soul, be this in its strategy, finance, marketing, technology and corporate social values.

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Web Design Trends for 2017

Website trends have always kept changing depending on user’s feedback, SEO and coding methods. 2016 has been great for website design with people trying to come up with unique ideas. Here we run down few promising trends that we predict for the coming year:

  • Visual appeal with flat design

Flat design has gained popularity in 2016 and will become even more popular in 2017. In flat design the sections are arranged next to each other neatly which makes the website easy to interact with. Clean appearance which has been liked by users visually will be a major focus. Simplicity will be the key to make the website visually appealing.

  • Responsive design everywhere

Knowing the benefits of responsive websites, developers have embraced this change more since past 2 years. There will be hardly any websites that will be non-responsive. The design approach will always have mobile view in mind. UI patterns will be created such that they are not very difficult to align them in responsive view. User’s journey will be the prime focus for desktop, smartphones and tablets.

  • Video banner

I am personally not a fan of auto play videos on websites but video backgrounds are gaining immense popularity since few months. Having video slider along with image slider is a versatile marketing trend which will rise in 2017. Users are liking the idea of instantly watching the video to gain information about the company.

  • Less use of stock photos

Its high time to change the same old idea of stuffing stock photos in the site. Some photos are so common that they are seen on many other websites also. Customers will be more picky about having unique images for their brand. People are tired of seeing typical bespoke stock images and hence original custom photos will be welcomed.

  • Bold typography and colors

We have seen rich colors being quite a rage in 2016 which is a nice stereotype break from the typical web standard colors. The trend has finally changed. Brands will make efforts to look unique and showcase clearly who they are. We will have more bold choice of typography too. The typography will be make statements, clear and sharper. We will see big hero image with a beautiful big typography with nice animations and layers in the text.

  • Less full parallax websites

We have seen a lot of parallax website in past 2-3 years. This trend is about to vanish because of its side effects with SEO. Parallax websites are usually long one page websites which do not generate URLs separately for inner pages and hence are not crawled by search engines. Also the use of heavy script reduces the speed of the site and mobile view is not so good either. Parallax is not going anywhere. Rather it will be used smartly for certain sections of the site for that excellent Visual treat.

With the above trends, 2017 seems to be a great year ahead for interesting website concepts to come into market. Creative thinkers are likely to experiment more and build fresh looking websites.

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Best Web Design Services

Want to design or re-design your existing website?

In today’s fast world, website is the front face of your company. Users go through that website which is more appealing and user-friendly as compared to the one that is outdated and dull. If users or customers don’t get attracted to your website, they don’t stick to it. To make your website attractive and visually appealing for the customers, you need to acquire services of professional and trustworthy IT Design Company.

There are many IT design and development companies in industry offering quality web design services. Professional guidance from a reputed designing company can bring positive results. Web development and design may sound easy for users but it includes a lot of planning and efforts to achieve desired results. Before choosing any company, take a detailed look at company’s portfolio. By this, you can easily review the company’s past project details, work niches etc. You can ask them about their expertise in graphic designing software like Java, Flash, and Adobe etc. The price of the company also varies according to the services they are offering. You should make sure the staff of company is well trained and professional and they meet the deadlines. You can also search for best IT companies on major search engines like Yahoo and Google. Beside this, you will need regular updates also. Ask them for the maintenance of website also. You can consult your friends and family as well search for best IT Company online. Choose that company that suits your budget and website requirement.

The designers make general as well as customized websites. If you want to go conventional way rather than traditional way then you can go for customized web design services. Customized website is followed by designers from the scratch as per your design. Customized sites are more expensive as compared to general ones. Before selecting any web design company, make sure that they are effectively using latest tools and techniques. As it will help in the long run by reducing the cost of website designing in future. Web design companies should properly examine the website requirement, location, preferences, target customers, nature of website and region before designing any website.

You can introduce different incentives as well as discount coupons to grab the interest of customers. In tough online competition, make sure that your products meet the demand of the customers while maintaining the quality.

To beat your competitors, your website should be designed better than their website. You should choose skilled web Company. Web professionals take your website to the top position by using embedded tags so that your website will appear in search engines. A good company provides customer support to solve your queries 24/7. They offer you reliable services in case of upgrading or troubleshooting the website.

Having an attractive website is not enough to boost your business. Getting help from reputable companies will help your website to improvise by using promotional content. Understanding the customer’s demand help the designers to customize the website in a way that will induce the customers to purchase the products. After the completion of web design, SEO and web development is also necessary. Hiring any web development company can save your time and resources. Any website that is indexed in search engines by using white hat SEO tactics will generate quick leads for your business.

By designing, you can expect online results in a shorter period of time. It increases business functionality and growth. Websites that are user-friendly and easy to navigate are preferred by users. In this way they give information to users and can increase sales of the company as well. Web design, web development and SEO services give boost to the business by increasing your website visitors and sales simultaneously.

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Personality Insights for Growth and Development

People talk about personality a lot. We hear it in casual conversations: "What a personality!" "That person lacks personality." What then does personality really mean?

Personality insights are best understood by getting a grasp of the terminologies used in the psychology. But to put it simply, personality is what makes people do what they do, the reasons and traits that define one's actions. Personality is the core of who you are, the overall description of the characteristics that make you different from others. Personality leads you to act, feel, and think the way that you do. It is the reasoning behind your actions and choices.

In your daily interactions with the world around you, personality is like a "mask" that you wear. This "mask" it what makes people behave, feel, and think as they allow their inner being to interact with external forces such as life circumstances and relationships.

Personality Insights

Getting to know your own personality can be a tough thing to do. Carl Jung, a Swiss psychiatrist who specialized in human personality, said that personality can be a matter of choice – an ideal personality can be achieved if a person aiming for that chooses to become like that. Therefore, if you want to achieve your dreams and become who you want to be, it is important for you to know and understand your own personality. See it as a journey that will need a lot of decision making and strategy. While it's possible to go on a journey without the help of a compass, having a compass to tell you where you are makes things so much easier. By understanding your personality in greater depth, you will know what steps to take from where you're at right now.

Another common belief about personality is that working with your inner being will slowly help us get to perfection in all aspects. Failures and shortcomings can be set aside by building a new and improved you. Many self-help specialists have used this principle to lead people toward overcoming their failures and imperfections, believing that the same thing can be applied to all kinds of people. For some people, this method may be effective. But it is not necessarily effective in all cases. The main reason behind getting a grasp of who you are is to build on your strengths-what you're good at, and manage your weaknesses to improve as a person.

There are so many personality insights, but you will need the right tools to grow as a an individual and make better decisions in life to achieve your goals. Personality development programs can be of great help to you. By working out a plan based on your strengths and potential weaknesses, you get a better idea of ​​what you want and how to get there. These plans can be developed on your own or with the help of a therapist. You can also participate in group discussions with your peers to get an idea of ​​how other people are and how they actually perceive you. When you have a bird's eye view of who you are as an individual-strengths, weaknesses, skills, and abilities – you get a better vision of where you're headed. Use all the aspects of your personality to reach that goal. Your goals and dreams are not limited to your area of ​​profession, but it can extend to other things that you consider valuable in your life such as your relationships, contribution to society, and personal beliefs.

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Land Development Values ​​- Rules of Thumb

People who want to invest in land to either "develop" it (as that term is defined in the articles in this Land Development Values ​​series) or to build on it and sell a total package (eg, a new home on its lot) have to sift through many parcels because everybody wants to try to sell them a property! The process of identifying the parcels that are worth pursuing, therefore, is very time consuming, and land buyers need tools to enable them to quickly weed out the junk and identify those parcels that warrant further consideration. So buyers typically use rules of thumb and formulas for their preliminary screening.

These rules of thumb are designed to provide rough estimates relating to the yield of a site and different cost factors because these are the key aspects in calculating the "right" price they should pay for the land. By defining the price at which the numbers work, land buyers can see within minutes if the seller's asking price is realistic. If the land parcel is substantially overpriced, the buyers can simply discard the property and move on to better prospects.

Commercial Land Developments
Not surprisingly, the methodology for roughly estimating site yield and improvement costs is not the same for both residential and non-residential land developments. For retail or office parcels, the yield is the amount of potential building space that can be built. This is usually a function of the number of parking spaces that will fit on the parcel and taking into account the overall development limits imposed by impervious coverage and green space requirements set by the zoning ordinance. One rule of thumb might be used to estimate the total amount of land area needed for each car that would be parked on the office property (eg, square feet for parking space plus drive aisle). Another would approximate the amount of land area taken up by sidewalks and walkways. A third rule of thumb might assume that the cost for vertical and horizontal improvements would $ 100 / sq be. ft. of office space.

Residential Land Developments
The rules of thumb applied to residential land developments would be designed to estimate the number of building lots that the parcel could produce once the subdivision had been completed, and the cost for horizontal improvements. The value of each "raw" building lot would be calculated based on the projected sale value of the finished product (house on its lot) and the improvement costs.

One site yield rule of thumb might net out of the gross land area of ​​the parcel the amount of square feet that would be wasted or could not be used for whatever reason and then would divide the result by the amount of the minimum lot size required by the zoning to come up with the number of lots. For example, the rule of thumb calculations might look like this for a 15 acre vacant parcel zoned for 20,000 sq. ft. lots:

Step 1: 43,560 sq. ft. x 15 acres = 653,400 sq. ft.
Step 2: 653,400 sq. ft. x 70% = 457,380 sq. ft.
Step 3: 457,380 sq. ft. divided by 20,000 sq. ft. = 22.87 building lots

The final result is always rounded down, so there would be roughly 22 building lots for this parcel. In the second step, 30% of the gross site area was deducted to account for wastage, square feet lost because of natural constraints (eg, slopes, floodplain, irregular shape) and land area that would be taken up by new roads in the community .

Remember that rules of thumb can vary by geographic area. They are rough estimates so you should modify them as circumstances warrant and not just apply them blindly. If a substantial portion of the 15 acre parcel was in floodplain, it would not make any sense to deduct only 30% from the total gross site area. If you're not sure what rule of thumb to use, be conservative.

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Top Mobile App Development Solutions Platform

The inception of mobile devices and the subsequent exponential growth in the field of mobility has led to an immense opportunity and challenge both at the same time for companies, organizations and institutions. The mobile world brings with it a huge opportunity in terms of the increased reach that you can have for your products and services. The biggest challenge is to be able to provide a great user experience while being able to sell your product or service efficiently.

The mobile app for your company or organization will become your best tool to market your products or services. Depending on the domain your organization works in, your app can be either the first touch-point between you and your potential customer or can be a platform where your customers can purchase your products or services. Whatever the case, you as an organization need to make a transition towards a mobile mindset to keep your business relevant in today’s era.

There can be various factors that come into play when deciding the way forward:

1. Which mobile platform should we get our Mobile App development done?

The answer to this question will depend on who your target audience is. It is best to get some background work done to understand the device preferences (and thereby the platform) of your existing & potential customers. Based on this you can decide if you need your app to be on a single platform (say Android) or multiple platforms (say Android, iOS, Windows, Blackberry).

2. Should we go for native app development or use a cross platform development?

Native apps are usually preferred if you have sufficient budget allocated for your mobile app development solution. Some of the reasons for this choice are –

  • The taste in terms of UI/UX of an Android user is different than an iPhone user. Also, the designing standards vary from one platform to another.
  • It is easier to implement hardware related functionality efficiently. E.g. gestures or geo-location.
  • Performance is better due to faster execution of code.

On the other hand, if you have limited budget but would like to target users of multiple platforms and are OK to trade-off slightly between performance and cost, cross platform application development is the way to go. With improved tools like PhoneGap & Ionic, the overall performance of these apps have also enhanced over time.

3. What should be the UI/UX for the app be?

This will depend on the nature of your business and what you want to achieve through the mobile app. As a thumb rule though, your app should be easy to use, engaging and have a clean design.

4. How do we publicize our app so that we can have maximum outreach?

You can send out e-mailers, publicize on your social media pages or send messages to your existing customers. There are professionals who can help you with marketing of your app, especially to reach out to potential customers.

5. Who should we hire for the Mobile App Development Solution?

There are many companies who provide custom mobile application development solutions. It is best to hire a company that has got enough experience and expertise in developing mobile apps, preferably in your domain of work. It is also recommended to go for a company that also provides other related services like web design and development, digital marketing, app marketing and so on. This ensures that you can have all your work done through one company and don’t have to deal with separate vendors.

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Challenges for a Mobile App Development Company

India stands second in the world, in the number of active mobile phones users. The number of people who own and use cell phones continues to grow. 1 billion Smartphone users are expected to sell in the coming year, doubling that of the number of PCs. With over 10 billion mobile Internet devices expected to be in use by 2016 which is 1.4 device per person on the planet. According to some recent research Moms spend 53 percent of their app-usage time playing games with Android phones. On iPads, that's 48 percent of their app time, and on iPhones, 31 percent. "Moms are gamers, too." So, you can certainly experience its explosive growth.

But it is not as green as it appears. Starting and establishing a mobile app development business is a hard nut to crack. Few challenges faced by start-up companies are:

  • Resource restraint: It's not that corporations do not have access to in-house programming talent-they usually do. However, most of that talent is going to have experience on the Windows side; not necessarily on popular mobile platforms like Android and iOS. Windows can and should be a part of any mobile platform discussions. However, it's only a part and there's got to be work done on Android and iOS. But, let's be honest. If you're a hotshot 27-year old mobile programmer, are you going to look for work inside a corporation's in-house app development team? Or are you going to try and join one of the seemingly never-ending supplies of mobile startups who seem certain they can make millions with the latest hot app?
  • Security: Every mobile device manufacturer understands the importance of security, and offers accommodations for it. Sometimes different mobile platforms provide varying degrees of support for securing data stored on the device. At the same time, not every mobile application needs the same level of security, and users dislike multiple login to access data on the device itself or back-end data. However, the responsibility for protecting data falls squarely on the application developers' shoulders, so they must incorporate encryption into the application down to the file system level
  • Gathering & Implementation of Ideas: When you start a new business the very first point that matters is objective evaluation. Gathering all ideas. And not just falling in love with those ideas. Doing rigorous study and investigation also matters. Referring experts and then taking a decision. According to a popular business trainer "When you choose to open a business, your chances at success-and satisfaction-are greater if you love the work you do".
  • What is their business model? Do they sell their own apps?
  • Finance: Most people assume that this is an easy ride especially for someone whose father is already a billionaire, whereas, whether it's an investor or your own father he wants to see great projections before he agree to invest in your new business. Whatever kind of business you're setting up – from a one-person operation based at home, to a high-tech manufacturing plant – you need to be clear about how much money you're going to need and where you're going to get it.

Regardless of your challenges, that you'll be facing. There are few important qualities that may lead you to success:

  • Platform appropriate – Your app should be optimized for a mobile user. Make sure your app is compatible and functional for all brands and devices.
  • User Friendly – Your app needs to look amazing. Even the best app idea could falter if it is not packaged in a fully branded, colorfully enticing way. Your app needs to be easy to install, easy to access, and easy to use. Sketch out how you think you'd like your app to work and spend time making it simpler.
  • Memorable & shareable – Your user should be left with a major impression. Use any design, wording, and interface techniques you can to make sure your user never forget their experience. The most successful mobile apps are the ones that are easily shareable. Your app needs to have a feature that rewards users for sharing it with other users.
  • Spontaneous – Any app needs to be accessible for short bursts of user activity. If your app only is good for long, drawn-out sessions of use, it probably will not succeed.
  • Cheap – It's a no-brainer . The cheaper something is, the more users are likely to download it. Try a free version coupled with a full version.
  • Demographic targeted – Know your audience. Not everyone in the world will want your app, so focus on the users who will.
  • Fun – Possibly the most important quality in any app is its level of enjoy ability. Take the time to entertain your users in addition to whatever your app's primary function is.
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