School to Prison Pipeline Solutions A report in 2000 indicated a drop in youthful crime rate, but the school’s discipline policies are taking a wrong direction. The Department of Education for Civil Rights reported an increase in expulsion and suspensions of students in schools. The report shows that black students were the most victims of suspensions and expulsion from schools. Various youth advocates intervened to attract attention of politicians and Obama administration. It was found that many schools are expelling or suspending students too often, and therefore the need to formulate alternative discipline policies. The youth advocates linked the current school discipline policies to the phrase “school to prison pipeline” because the policies were similar to juvenile detention. Students that caused trouble in learning institutions were channeled to face a criminal justice system. A few of these offenses include fighting, personal injuries, and drug abuse. Some of the people forcing disruptive students into criminal justice system include school administrators. In many occurrences, students were arrested from school and taken into detention chambers.
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However, keeping students out of school was not a common thing in the 1970s. When the crime and violations escalated in schools, administrators adopted expulsion and suspension programs. Bringing a weapon in school was also regarded as a high offense that deserved expulsion or suspension. Adoption of the zero-tolerance policies led to increase in cases of expulsion and suspensions.
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The policy of suspending students when they bring weapons to school was misinterpreted by school administrations. Even when youngsters displayed their hands like guns, many schools take it too broadly such that the students are expelled or suspended. Apart from the serious crimes that could warrant a suspension, many schools adopted their own zero-tolerance policies to discourage other more serious crimes. Simple mistakes such as missing a class or being disruptive are offenses that deserve expulsion or suspension. Over time, state police officers were stationed in different schools to maintain order. The police officers were not to offer the professional policing services, but to protect students from mass shooting like the one that occurred at Columbine High School. This has led to misuse of police service whereby they overuse resources that should be used in more serious and rare situations. Many students have been arrested and taken to detention chambers. Due to arrests and prosecutions, many students got criminal juvenile records. This means a second offense will be harsher, regardless of the first punishment. Obama administration opened legal investigations into the school discipline policies, and schools urged to establish new policies. This was to make expulsion and suspension as a last resort. Nowadays, various schools have established drug abuse prevention programs. These programs focus on enhancing relationship among students, teachers, and administrators. Therefore, students that cause trouble in school can get guidance from teachers rather than being arrested by the school resource officers (SRO).